|Hawaii'i School for Girls is located on the slope of Diamond Head. A private
school that is housed in a villa once owned by Walter F. Dillingham,
the man who severed Waikikis spouting waters. This palatial structureLa
Pietrawas erected on the grounds of Papaenaena, a
heiau dedicated to the surf.
Dillingham, a major political player in Hawai'i and the head of the Hawaiian Dredging
Company, drained the wetlands of Waikiki in the early 1920s to create
the Ala Wai Canal. In 1919, Dillingham purchased his Diamond Head property
and hired noted architect David Adler to design a residence modeled
after a Florence villa owned by Dillinghams wifes aunt.
Dillingham was eager to secure his stature as a baron of Hawaii industry
by building a prominently sited home with a stately European pedigree.
|When Papaenaena heiau stood on Diamond Head, it overlooked what is today First Break,
the beginning of Kalahuewehe, a surfing course famous for hundreds of
years. Kahuna at Papaenaena flew a kite at the heiau to
inform surfers that the waves were up. Papaenaena was also
a luakini heiau: human sacrifices were made at the terraced stone structure.
Some historians believe that when Kamehameha I conquered Oahu
in 1795, he used Papaenaena to offer a special sacrifice
to his war god Kukailimoku: the body of Kamehameha Is slain
In 1874, Queen Emma - widow of Kamehameha IV - inherited King William C.
Lunalilos Waikiki residence at Kaluaokau. Queen Emma had Papaenaena
heiau dismantled and its rocks built into a fence to surround her Waikiki
estate, which incidentally is where the International Marketplace is
-Hibbard, Don and David Franzen. 1986. The View from Diamond Head: Royal Residences to Urban Resort. Honolulu: Editions Limited.
-Kanahele, George S. 1995. Waikiki, 100 BC to 1990 AD: An Untold Story. Honolulu: The Queen Emma Foundation.
more on the man who drained Waikiki