the early 1970's, various people, including the burgeoning communities
of Native-Hawaiians seeking self-determination, stepped forward to express
opposition to social/political agendas being pushed by the State and
"Moneyed interests" in and out of Hawai'i. These "moneyed
interests" were focused on reaping maximum profits from tourist/resort/condominium
development that began to accelerate after Statehood in 1959.
of the struggles centered on who was going to own and control land and
its use. Many developments displaced low-income residents who were living
in rented homes and apartments by forcing them to move. This occurred
throughout the island of Oahu: in Kalama Valley, Ota Camp, Chinatown,
Waiahole/Waikane, Niumalu/Nawiliwili on Kaua'i, Coconut Grove, Waimanalo,
Ewa, Sand Island, Mokauea Island, Heeia/Heeia Kea, and Kahana Valley.
photographs by Ed Greevy